Tag Archives: peace

The peace of Bucharest – A temporary illusion about the calm dream of Székely people

The separate peace treaty between the central powers and Romania was signed in Bucharest on May 7, 1918. The agreement was not in force for a long time, it only had one (more) lasting result: the unification of Romania and Bessarabia was recognized by Germany and its three allies, including the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. Pesti Napló wrote in vein after the execution: “today we shall be glad that the people of the Hungarian border could go to sleep in peace in Székelyföld and Saxon towns”.

The peace at Brest-Litovsk and the transformation of international power relations

Central powers signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Russia on March 3, 1918. Russia lost 780 thousand square kilometres of land and 56 million inhabitants, but made peace temporarily. This supported the consolidation of Bolshevik rule. The Germans won in the short term, but the Bolsheviks strengthened in the long run – for a price though: Brest-Litovsk could also be a symbol of breaking up with the West, the Entente.

Mutiny of Sailors at the Bay of Cattaro

It is still debated exactly what has happened, but it is known about the greatest revolt of the Monarchy’s navy that in Hungary it was usually remembered reluctantly or in the wrong way – in many cases wrongly involving Horthy. However, in the South Slavic countries, experts have been extensively concerned with the mutiny of sailors even today.

The portrait of Ludwik Zamenhof (wikipedia)

The father of the language of peace dies during the war

Az Est briefly informed its readers that Lajos Zamenhof eye surgeon, the founder of the Esperanto language died in April 1917. He was born in Białystok, in Northern Poland, which belonged to the Russian Empire in the long 19th century. Zamenhof had lived in Warsaw – which was also attached to Russia upon the division of Poland at the end of the 18th century – with some interruptions since 1873, had a praxis as an eye surgeon, which made it hardly possible to make ends meet. According to his own words, before 1901, when he tried to operate an office several times in the countryside – in Polish and Russian small towns –, he needed his father-in-law’s financial support.