Waldemar Psylander danish movie star in Budapest, 1915 (Wikipedia)
The entire world can be found in a few acres of land – reported Az Est from Copenhagen, the location of one of the most significant film companies of the era, the Danish Nordisk. Upon the outbreak of war, French and Italian filmmaking dominated Europe, with a significant influence even across the Atlantic, however, thanks to Nordisk, Danish films were also noted among the best. read more...
A. J. P. Taylor
What caused the First World War, the "seminal catastrophe" of the 20th century? Perhaps no historical question has so much literature than the outbreak of the First World War. One of the most original answers were provided by A. J. P. Taylor (1906–1990), who had less research in the archives, but he thought so much more: the first and most renowned British "media historian" even today explained his shocking "timetable theory" in several works: it starts from the basic assumption that people are unwilling to believe – that "large events have minor reasons". read more...
Sitting Bull and Buffalo Bill (William Notman studios,1895)
News on the death of a Russian and an American myth reached Hungary approximately at the same time: Az Est nevertheless noted that we should not be sure we would not hear about them any more. „No one knows whether Buffalo Bill lives or died after all. Since the large-bearded colonel has already died and resurrected several times. The competition was constant between him and Rasputin in this field. This week they finally achieved a tie." read more...
Military dance of Wilson (Borsszem Jankó, 18/02/1917)
In the spring of 1917, a new continent joined the Great War, so the world of the world war was complete. The USA tried to remain neutral in the first years of the war, however, anti-German sentiments of the American public came to the fore by 1917. The administration led by President Wilson even considered that a real say in the new world order could be achieved by participating in the war. read more...
John Keegan - The Face of Battle
"Death is a vulgar and stinky thing without any poetry" - wrote Ignotus in his necrology of Sándor Bródy, but the quote could also be the motto of recollections about the Battle of the Somme. After four and a half months of killing and the death of 1.2 million people, the front got only 11 kilometres closer to Berlin, i.e. more than a hundred soldiers were lost per each meter. Traditional military historiography using neutral and distancing expressions could not depict the reality of the battle that has become the synonym of meaningless bloodshed, until the arrival of John Keegan, renewing military historiography, who presented the true "face" of the Battle of the Somme in his book The face of the battle, published in 1976. read more...
The Austrian Imperial family in Gödöllő (wikipedia.org)
Franz Joseph died 100 years ago on November 21, 1916. In memory of his death we started a 4 part article series, in which we look at the life and ruling of the Emperor and King from different perspectives. This third part talks mainly about the personality of the Emperor.  read more...
Lajos Kassák (www.kassakmuzeum.hu)
Lajos Kassák started his paper, the Hungarian avant-garde’s most important workshop, the Ma (1916–1925) a hundred years ago. But how was the Hungarian Left Wing’s relationship with Kassak’s efforts, how well he, the “working class poet”, was accepted in the labour movement? Since Kassák was pushing his own art shock therapy in an era when the Népszava’s most readers found even Endre Ady’s poetry inexplicable. During the Council Republic’s 133 days the poet could finally have a free hand but instead his work was banned.  read more...
Emperor Franz Josef of Austria
Franz Joseph died 100 years ago on November 21, 1916. In memory of his death we started a 4 parts article series, in which we look at the life and ruling of the Emperor and King from different perspectives. In this last part we talk about how the press reported on his death and how were the necrologies.  read more...
Elisabeth and Franz Joseph
Franz Joseph died 100 years ago on November 21, 1916. In memory of his death we started a 4 part article series, in which we look at the life and ruling of the Emperor and King from different perspectives. This second part talks about the Emperor and his women. read more...
Franz Joseph, the Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia
Franz Joseph died 100 years ago on November 21, 1916. In memory of his death we started a 4 parts article series, in which we look at the life and ruling of the Emperor and King from different perspectives. The theme of the first part is the Kaiser and his multinational empire, aka the minority issues. read more...
Berlin, 1914 (de.m.wikipedia.org)
In the first part of our article we summarised how food supply worked in the Hinterland during the First World War. In 1914 it was still somewhat normal, but due to the long lasting war, the agricultural production had a serious setback, economical relationships between countries froze and the products were badly divided. As a result, from the end of 1916, these all led to food shortages, strikes and in some parts of the country hunger. But it was always important to feed the troops: soldiers were treated like the smallest kid in the family – they got the biggest bite. So what exactly did this mean?   read more...
1916 – the last year of the “old era” (Conference in the Institute of Political History, 05-10-2016)
On November 21, 1916 Franz Josef died and according to the trope, with his departure an era ended. Lajos Zilahy wrote, the death of the emperor in the middle of the War was “as if a rusty metal door of a dark cellar closed.” But was it really like this? Partly based on the Political History Institute’s conference on “1916 – The last year of the old era and the old Hungary?” I shall sum up what were the most significant changes of possibly the bloodiest year of the War from a military, economic, social and cultural point of view, and whether it was ground-breaking or not. read more...