• 400 soldiers at the Hungarian Border rise against food conditions. 52 soldiers are shot dead.
• Endre Ady’s collection of poetry Ki látott engem? (Who saw me?) was published.
• Gyula Krúdy’s novel Palotai álmok (Dreams of Palota) was published.
• In honour of Shakespeare’s anniversary, a Shakespeare show was organized at Kolozsvár.
• Cecil Tormay’s saga novel Régi ház (The old House) was published.
• Assassination in Sarajevo. Gavrilo Princip, a Serbian student, shot Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife dead.
• The MSZDP (Hungarian Social Democrat Party) organized an assembly dealing with voting rights in Budapest’s 19 voting districts.
• A bill was introduced to expand the National Theatre building, while demolition of the old part was completed.
• The French Social Democratic Party’s Congress sided against a mass political in case of a War.
• Klári Tolnay, actress, was born.
• Demonstrations supporting the War: at Arad, in Budapest, in Győr, at Kassa, at Kolozsvár, at Losonc, at Marosvásárhely, at Máramarossziget, at Miskolc, at Pápa, at Sabadko, in Szeged, in Székesfehérvár and at Ungvár.
• The leading article of the Népszava, Nem akarunk háborút (We don’t want war), warned readers that starting a war against Serbia would be catastrophic: it would be a world war, a global crisis, and there was a danger of changing the whole social order.
• The Hungarian government banned every kind of political assembly.
• Organized by the Trade Unions, ten thousand workers demonstrated against the war in Paris.
• The Austro-Hungarian Monarchy declared war on Serbia.
• In Budapest the price of the flour increased from 21 to 30 fillers, potato increased from 5 to 16 fillers and bread’s price increased from 19 to 22 fillers per kilogram.
• The leaders of the MSZDP posted an article titled To the organized workers! in Népszava. In it, they asked for indemnification for the enlisted, while those who stayed home were asked to strengthen the party, the trade unions, and the defence of the working press.
• In Paris, a nationalist shot Jean Jaurès, the ongoing leader of the French Socialist Party known for his anti-war ideas.
• Ignotus’ essay A háború (The War) was published in Nyugat.
• Germany declared war on Russia.
• Demonstration in Józsefváros against homeowners who did not keep the moratorium on enlistee’s families paying the rent.
• Germany declared war on France.
• Great Britain declared war on Germany.
• Belgium declared war on Germany.
• Austro-Hungarian Monarchy declared war on Russia.
• Montenegro declared war on the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy.
• The Germans attacked and overtook the Belgian Liège’s forts.
• Serbia declared war on Germany.
• Germany declared war on Montenegro.
• France declared war on the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy.
• Great Britain declared war on the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy.
• The battle of Tannenberg (Enclosing and destroying the Russian Army that tried to enter East-Prussia).
• Lajos Baróti, football player, was born.
• Japan declared war on Germany.
• The battle of Galicia. The Russians took over East Galicia.
• The Austro-Hungarian Monarchy declared war on Belgium.
• After the death of Pope Pius X., the conclave elected Benedict XV., the Bolognese archbishop.
• The French stopped the Germans in the battle of Marne and trench warfare began.
• The Austro-Hungarian troops lost the battle of Lemberg against the Russians.
• The operations of the National Theatre and the Opera House were temporary suspended.
• Russian troops entered Hungary through the Uzsoki-pass.
• Premier of Géza Vágó’s Nagy dolog a háború (The War is a big thing), a comedy, in the Király Theatre (Royal Theatre), in Budapest.
• Charles I. Romanian King died. His successor was Ferdinand I.
• Antwerp capitulates to Germany.
• The first battle of Ypres (German attack at the Belgian seashore).
• Béla Zulawszky, Olympic silver medallist fencer, and military officer, died.
• The Turkish Empire entered the War on the side of the Central Powers.
• Act XLVI of 1914 introduced the temporary and partial placement of income tax aiming for army benefits.
• Endre Ady’s poem, Az eltévedt lovas (The lost horseman), was published in Nyugat.
• Act XLVII of 1914 set up the Hungarian Royal War Loan Office.
• The first evening edition of the Népszava was published.
• The battle of Limanowa, where Austro-Hungarian troops stopped Russian troops, pushing them back behind the Dunajec river.
• The Austro-Hungarian troops occupied Belgrade.
• The City Council fixed the price of coal and firewood in order to stop fuel speculations.
• The headcount of unions in the Trade Union Council decreased from 104.975 to 50.089 due to the enlisting.
• The Football Cup was postponed due to the War, but a Football Military Cup was held in the Fall.
• Béla Bartók composed the Román népi táncok (Romanian folk dances).
• Romain Rolland, French writer, won the literary Nobel Prize.
• The Mária Valéria-site was set up in Budapest, and its hospital barracks were transformed into emergency apartments after the War.
• Mihály Babits’ poem Játszottam a kezével (I played with her hand), was published and as a result, he was prosecuted for high treason.
• Zoltán Kodály composed the Csellószonáta (Cello solo sonata).
• Károly Goldmark, composer, died.
• Leopold von Berchtold resigned. The Monarchy’s new Minister of Foreign Affairs was Istvan Tisza.
• Government regulation blocked wheat, rye and oat supplie, while the state bought up all the stocks.
• The Head of the Iron and Metal Worker’s Central Association argued for the improvement of working conditions in militarized factories.
• The National Theatre reopened.
• Due to the exhaustion of wheat and rye stocks, the government ordered the mixing of bread flour. Half of it should be mixed with flour replacement – barley, corn and potato flour. The 649/1915. Presidential Act came into effect in February 15. 1915
• All grain and flour were confiscated in Germany. Germany established an Empire Distribution Office to register the stock and its distribution.
• Sándor Hevesi, director, signed with the National Theatre.
• William Fox established the Fox Film Corporation.
• Franz Ferdinand’s killers were executed in Sarajevo.
• The Minister of Internal Affairs urged the Captain of the Budapest Police to imprison black marketers.
• The Home Secretary’s enactment about the rise in drug price took effect on February 15.
• Germany started the submarine war against England.
• The Budapest Journalist Association objected against the censure that involved writings about internal affairs and literature.
• The state confiscated all wheat, rye, oat, corn, and barley stocks, and their flours, in Austria.
• Socialist Female Worker’s International Conference in Bern stated their disapproval of the War.
• Regular bus transportation started in Budapest.
• The bread and corn prices rose in Budapest. There had been a bread and flour shortage in some districts since February.
• Népszava received 1901 new prescribers.
• József Márkus, Ex-Mayor of Budapest died.
• Premier of D. W. Griffith’s ‘The Birth of a Nation’ in Los Angeles.
• The English and French navy attack against the Dardanelles.
• The Captain of the Budapest Police prohibited the MSZDP’s assembly about increasing prices, planned for March 28th.
• Carl Laemmle opened up his studio, Universal City, in San Fernando Valley.
• Russian troops occupied the Przemysl castle, it having been under attack since November 5. 1914. More than 140,000 Monarchy soldiers and officers were captured.
• Endre Ady married Berta Boncza (Csinszka).
• The Public Relations office banned papers from writing about peace making.
• István Tisza, the Prime Minister, proposed extending the parliament’s terms.
• The German army began an attack at Ypres in Belgium; the first time they used chemical weapons.
• The Turkish government imprisoned and executed 250 Armenian intellectuals in Constantinople; the start of the Armenia genocide.
• István Rakovszky, Catholic populist member of Parliament, handed in a proposal for giving voting rights to soldiers at the front lines.
• English-French amphibious invasion in the Dardanelles area, on the Gallipoli peninsula.
• Yugoslav Committee formed in London. Its aim was to unify all areas inhibited by South Slavic people into one state.
• German and Austro-Hungarian troops broke through the front lines at Gorlice and pushed Russian troops back by 360 km. During the attacks, the Monarchy lost almost half a million of its soldiers.
• The City Council posted bills regarding new restrictions on cooking flour from May 16. It was 20 kg/week/person.
• After an eight-month hiatus Szocializmus, the MSZDP’s theoretic paper, was published again.
• The Second War Loan Appeal was issued.
• The 30,000 ton RMS Lusitania, a British ocean liner, was torpedoed and sunk by a German U-20. 1,201 on board lost their lives.
• Louis B. Mayer, Richard Rowland and James C. Clarke founded Metro Pictures Corporation.
• Italy declared war on the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy.
• 2072/1915. The Prime minister decreed grain stock would be blocked and requisitioned, while they also established the War Product Corp.
• First battle of Isonzo.
• Ferenc Mihályi was hired by the Opera House as head director.
• Government regulation declared Tuesday and Friday as “meatless day”.
• The second battle of Isonzo.
• The death of Kálmán Széll, politician, Hungarian Prime Minister between 1899 and 1903.
• International Socialist Conference in Zimmerwald.
• The government places the corn harvest under blockade and ordered the state to buy up the residual stocks.
• The Central Powers occupied Serbia.
• Bulgaria declares war on Serbia.
• Budapest’s Police Captain prohibited the MSZDP’s assembly organized for October 18, where they were supposed to discuss the high prices and food usury issues.
• The third battle of Isonzo.
• The Prime Minister ordered the heads of municipalities and the Police Captain to monitor the socialist movements closer.
• The first issue of A Tett (The Deed), Lajos Kassák’s magazine, was published.
• Albert Einstein gave a lecture about his Relativity theory at the Prussian Academy of Sciences, then later published his theory.
• The fourth battle of Isonzo.
• The Czech Foreign Committee was formed in Paris. Its aim was to initiate the independent Czechoslovak state.
• Ede Újházi, member of the National Theatre, died.
• Initiation of the milk tickets in Budapest.
• A csárdáskirálynő (The Csardas Princess) premiered in Vienna.
• After the reconstruction, the Chain Bridge was reopened.
• The MSZDP demanded members of parliament expand voting rights.
• The price of fat, bacon and pork hit its maximum price.
• The house of Parliament passed a law against raising prices further.
• Hungarian War Prisoner Theatre in Pjescsanka.
• On the 25th anniversary of the MSZDP, they organized a gala in Budapest. The main speech was given by Manó Buchinger.
• Government ordered the initiation of bread tickets. It came into effect on January 10, 1916. This order allowed consumers in the city a daily portion of 210 g, and in the country a daily portion of 300 g of flour or bread. Physical workers had access to an extra 300 g.
• Frigyes Karinthy's novel Tanar Ur Kerem (Please Sir) was published.
• Mihaly Babits' poetry tome called Recitativ was published.
• Zsigmond Moricz's novel Nem elhetek muzsikaszo nelkul was published.
• A Moliere cycle was organized at Cluj-Napoca.
• The capital decided on a feasting tax.
• Montenegro asked for peace from the Entente and on the 17th they agreed.
• Lajos Mocsary died.
• The Minister of Defense established a job complaint board to regulate military factory workers. Representatives from the Union were also invited into the complaint board.
• The eligibility for military service was raised from age 50 to 55 in Austria and Hungary.
• The government banned leather from the open market and bought up all stocks.
• The government bought large amounts of sugar stocks and created a Sugar Distribution Centre.
• The Minister of Defense suspended the strike rights of defense plant workers.
• Battle of Verdun; the approximate loss was 1 million people.
• Governmental enactment of printing paper legislation - the page count of newspapers wascut and a Newspaper Centre was established.
• The female workers of the Ammunition Factory at Csepel were placed into military service.
• Karoly Eotvos died.
• Second Zimmerwald conference in Kienthal. The Hungarian Social Democratic Party greeted it via telegram.
• Anti-War protests in Berlin, Bremen, Dresden, Kiel, Leipzig and Stuttgart, organized by the German left wing. Karl Leibknecht was arrested at the Berlin Protest.
• The hungry people of Vienna protested against high prices and lack of food. The protesters demanded peace and bread.
• Battle of Jutland. The English lost more men then the Germans, but their blockade was successful.
• The start of the Brusilov Offensive. On June 8, the Russians broke the Austro-Hungarian defense lines at Luck and occupied Bukovina and Volyn. The first ten days they captured more than 200,000 soldiers.
• The trade unions held a conference in Budapest about tending to veterans, the reform of social assurance, finding work for veterans and the uses of women and children in the war.
• As a result of the lack of bread and flour, desperate women in Hodmezovasarhely attacked a bread lorry and beat up two policemen. 30 women were arrested.
• The Budapest police forbid all worker assemblies, even trade union assemblies. In August, the Trade Union asked police to withdraw this order, but it was denied.
• Battle of Somme, with a loss of 1.5 million lives.
• Mihaly Karolyi resigned from his post as leader of the United Independence and '48 Party and left the party with twenty other members. On 17th of Jul,y he formed the Independence and '48 Party.
• Rosa Luxembourg was moved to Berlin. She was in prison until September 9, 1918.
• Nine merchants and military officers were charged with fraud and bribery by the Budapest Main Court.
• The socialist parties of the neutral countries (Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Holland) held a conference in the Hague, where they adressed the socialist parties of the warring countries, asking them to do everything they can for peace.
• Start of the sixth battle of Isonzo on the Italian front.
• The House of Representatives passed a law about the rise of income and property taxes.
• Romania joined the Entente in a secret agreement in Bucarest.
• The price of the milk rose 10-12 fillers per litre in Budapest.
• Italy declared war on Germany.
• Romania declared war on the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy and broke into Transylvania through the Turnu Rosu Pass.
• In the House of Representatives, the opposition held President Istvan Tisza accountable for the war with Romania and demanded the government to resign.
• The Police Chief of Budapest banned the Hungarian Social Demorcratic Party's electoral assembly planned for 16 September.
• The price of sugar was raised by 30-40 fillers per kg.
• Lajos Kassak's magazin A Tett was banned because of its antiwar content.
• Hundreds of women protested against the potato shortage in front of the Ujpest Town Hall.
• Government enactment about establishing a comissariat and council for public victualling.
• Imre Kalman's The Csardas Princess is on for the first time in the Kiraly Theatre in Budapest.
• The independent Polish Kingdom was proclaimed. (Not inculding Poznan and Galicia.)
• The Town Theatre of Kecskemet was renamed to Jozsef Katona Theatre.
• The first copy of the MA (Today), a literary journal edited by Lajos Kassak, was published.
• Franz Joseph I of Austria died.
• Everyone between the age of 16 and 60 were conscripted to military service in Germany. It was against the law to change work place and anyone could be assigned to a military factory at any time.
• The price of gas was raised by 25 % and electricity by 16.5% in Budapest.
• The Central Powers occupied Bucarest.
• Germany made a peace offer to the Allies with the help of the USA, but it was denied.
• Woodrow Wilson, President of the USA made a peace plan.
• Rasputin was assasinated.
• Charles IV was crowned in the Matthias Churh in Buda.
• The International Committee of the Red Cross is awarded with the Nobel Peace Prize.
• Charlie Chaplin's The Immigrant premieres.
• Bela Bartok’s 8 Hungarian Folk Songs is published.
• The Andromeda Galaxy is discovered.
• Donat Banki’s water turbine is introduced.
• The Entente sends their peace terms to President Wilson.
• According to the capital’s Food Control Department the food prices in the capital are increased by a 100-300% since the War broke out.
• President Wilson holds a speech in the Senate about the League of Nations.
• On the anniversary of “Bloody Sunday” 150 000 people protest at St. Petersburg against the War and the tsarism. There are also protests and strikes in Baku, Harkov and Nizhny Novgorod.
• Germany proclaims the unlimited submarine war.
• The price of coal increases by 10-17 fillers, firewood by 35 fillers. The price of medicine increases 20-200% and kerosene tickets introduced.
• After sinking an American boat the USA stops their diplomatic relationship with Germany.
• In the house of Parliament the opposition introduces a bill about the voting rights of soldiers on the frontlines. The bill was voted out by the majority of the labor party.
• The government closes the country’s theatres, cinemas, museums and clubs due to the serious coal shortage.
• The daily newspapers in Budapest announce to decrease their contents due to paper shortage. The Népszava becomes 10 pages instead of the original 12 and after 1st March, it goes down to 6 pages.
• Tobacco prices increase by 20%.
• Start of the February Revolution in Russia.
• An interim government forms at St. Petersburg with the lead of Prince Lvov.
• Soap tickets are introduced in Hungary. On 25th March flour portions were decreased from 240g to 200g and the bread portion from 340g to 280g.
• Charles IV offers peace to the French president Poincaré.
• The USA declares war on Germany.
• The attorney general places the Népszava under provisional censorship.
• Potato tickets are introduced in Budapest. Consumers are allowed 1-2 kg potatoes per week per person.
• Workers at the shrapnel department of the Budapest Liptak Factory go on strike due to food shortage.
• István Tömörkény dies.
• The leadership of the MSZDP (Hungarian Social Democrat Party) challenged the opposing parties in the Népszava to overthrow the Tisza government, to finish the War and to form an Elective Franchise Block for democratic voting rights.
• Several hundreds of merchant assistants protest in Budapest for extended working hours.
• Several hundreds of merchant assistants protest in Budapest for extended working hours.
• The start of the 10th Battle of Isonzo.
• National Social Democrat Women’s Congress in Budapest. The meeting welcomes the leaders of the International Women’s Labour Movement in their manifesto and urges the peace treaty, the settling of the war loans and women’s voting rights.
• Friedrich Adler is sentenced to death in Vienna. On 7th September the verdict is changed to 18 years imprisonment.
• Resignation of István Tisza.
• Several thousand workers in Budapest gather to celebrate the fall of the government and welcome the universal suffrage.
• The attorney general releases the Népszava from under provisional censorship.
• The MSZDP (Hungarian Social Democrat Party) holds assemblies at 35 different places around Budapest and its surroundings. The themes are; peace, voting rights and freedom of assembly. Despite the police’s prohibition more than 50 thousand people attend.
• The first Pulitzer Prize is handed out.
• 600 female workers of the First Hungarian Weaving and Jute Factory go on strike for higher salary, but fail to succeed.
• The British Troops attack with tanks in Flanders.
• Móric Esterházy is appointed to become the prime minister by the King. The government resigns on 8th August and from 20th August the new Prime Minister is Sándor Wekerle.
• On the arrival of Charles IV to Budapest more than a 100 thousand workers and civilians protest for universal suffrage. On behalf of the citizens of the capital, the city’s mayor István Bárczy hands a memorandum to the king about the initiation of voting rights. Assemblies are held regarding this matter in Aszod, Debrecen, Fiume, Gyor, Iglo, Jaszbereny, Kosice, Kecskemet, Cluj Napoca, Miskolc, Nagykanizsa, Resica, Subotica and Szombathely
• Greece declares War on the Central Powers.
• The war office issues an enactment regarding the complaint committees’ power over its operative.
• Géza Gyóni dies.
• The women worker’s of the Weiss Manfréd ammunition factory in Csepel go on strike against the imprisonment of their female colleagues and against the enlistment of their fellow men. As a result of the strike the men are taken back to the factory.
• Kerensky forms government in Russia.
• Several hundreds of workers of the Fővárosi Elektromos Művek (Capital’s Electricity Company) go on strike for an hour protesting against low salaries, 78-hour working weeks and against night shifts and Sunday work day.
• The enactment of Charles IV prohibited the military court’s hearings and returning death verdicts without the consent of the main leadership of the military.
• The forces of the Entente start an offensive attack in Flanders. The attacks are halted by the mud.
• The MSZDP (Hungarian Social Democrat Party) organizes assemblies at 17 different places around Budapest to force the arrangement of the war loans.
• 6th Congress of the Hungarian Trade Unions.
• The youth of the Galileo Circle form an Anti-War propaganda group with the lead of Ilona Duczyńska, Tivadar Sugár and Árpád Halász.
• 3rd Conference of the Zimmerwald Movement in Stockholm.
• Russia is declared a republic. Kerensky becomes the head of the Military.
• As the result of the National Nepszava propaganda there are 6230 new subscribers to the paper.
• Gyula Justh dies. At the funeral (12 October) Zsigmond Kunfi gives a speech.
• Mata Hari dies.
• Several hundreds of women protest in Budapest in front of the City Hall as a result of the inedible margarine given for lard tickets.
• The Bolsheviks takeover in Russia. (25 October)
• Battle of Caporetto – the troops of the Monarchy and Germany break through the Italian frontlines and move deeper into Italy (in other words the 12th Battle of Isonzo).
• The Népszava’s lead article Békét! Fegyverszünetet! reports on the II. All-Russian Congress of the Soviets.
• The Galileo Circle organizes a peace assembly in Budapest. Several hundreds of workers and students attend. Pál Zádor, the main speaker urges the start of the peace talks.
• Georges Clemenceau is the new French President
• For the appeal of the MSZDP (Hungarian Social Democrat Party) tens of thousands protest against the war in Budapest. The assembly held at the Industry Hall is lead by Dezső Bokányi.
• Ceasefire at the eastern front.
• Lithuania declares its independence.
• Minister Vilmos Vázsonyi presents the government’s restrained bill about the voting rights in the House of Parliament.
• Soviet Russia recognizes the independence of Finland.
• Donát Bánki presents the plan of the Iron Gates hydroelectric plant.
• Sweden recognises Finland's independence.
• The anti-militarist group of the Galilei Circle distributed flyers in Cavalry Barrack No. 1 of Budapest, starting with the words Soldier brothers! and Workers! Comrades! and ending with the signature "The group of Hungarian socialists who joined Zimmerwald".
• Thousands of workers demonstrated in Szeged due to food shortage. The memorandum on the demands of the workers was handed over to the mayor of the city by a delegation of 1500 members.
• Woodrow Wilson, the President of the United States published his 14-point peace conditions in his message to the Congress.
➞ Kapcsolódó cikkek: Wilson’s fourteen points
• The Minister of Home Affairs dissolved the Galilei Circle owing to the production and distribution of anti-war leaflets. On the same day, the police held a search in the room of the circle and seized documents and leaflets found there.
• Due to the spread of revolutionary ideas, the Minister of Home Affairs sent a confidential order to public authorities to monitor more closely the Hungarian prisoners of war returning from Russia as well as Russian prisoners of war in the territory of Hungary.
• In protest against the peace treaty of Brestaz-Litovsk, the workers went on strike in all factories of the capital, demanding immediate peace and the resignation of the Wekerle government. Workers of rural towns also joined the strike.
• The independent state of Ukraine was declared in Kiev.
• Sándor Wekerle Hungarian Prime Minister resigned, but the king appointed him to form government again.
• The government party named Constitution Party of '48 was founded from the Constitution Party, the Apponyi party, the Civil Democratic Party and some representatives of the people's party.
• The Wekerle government was transformed; leaving out supporters of the Károlyi party. The Károlyi party went into opposition.
• Estonia and Lithuania declared their independence.
• The Minister of Home Affairs approved the articles of the National Association of Hungarian Mine and Metallurgy Workers
• An uprising broke out in the fleet of the Monarchy at Cattaro. Sailors formed councils and demanded immediate peace and the right of self-determination of nationalities.
➞ Kapcsolódó cikkek: Mutiny of Sailors at the Bay of Cattaro
• The Minsiter of Commerce issued a decree prohibiting MÁV employees from taking part in political agitation or cooperating in the dissemination of political papers.
• Soviet Russia turned to use the Gregorian calendar.
• Károly Khuen-Héderváry Károly former Prime Minister died.
• The Minister of Commerce extended the power of complaints committees to include state and military factories.
• Thousands of people protested on the streets of Kiskunfélegyháza due to food shortage. The demonstrations were ended by the police and the military. 100 people were arrested.
• Peace agreement was reached in Brescia-Litovsk between Germany, the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy and its allies (Bulgaria, Turkey) and Soviet Russia.
➞ Kapcsolódó cikkek: The peace at Brest-Litovsk and the transformation of international power relations
• The Minister of Commerce ordered the Sunday work break in the meat industry. The decree involved 5000 workers.
• The Soviet government moved from St. Petersburg to Moscow.
• Hundreds of factory workers demonstrated against war in Győr under the leadership of Social Democrats, demanding to stop food shortage and increase military aids.
• The Germans started an offensive at Somme.
• MSZDP held a women's day celebration in Budapest and in 25 rural towns and villages. The speaker of the central ceremony, Dezső Bokányi talked about peace and women's right to vote.
• The paper entitled Világ published Ervin Szabó's article entitled Social Democracy and Political Morality that sharply criticized the electoral policy of MSZDP. Népszava responded to Ervin Szabó in its issue published on March 26, 1918 with the title Morality and logic.
• Ferdinand Foch was appointed to be the new commander in chief of Entente troops fighting on the Western front.
• Representatives of the government and the Labour Party consulted on the moderate draft of the electoral law by Vázsonyi, submitted to the house of representatives on December 21, 1917. Representatives of the Labour Party refused the parliamentary support of the reform.
• MSZDP held a people's assembly at Iparcsarnok (Industrial Hall) with the participation of thousands of workers. The assembly called for the ratification of universal suffrage and the dissolution of the Parliament.
• Sándor Wekerle's government resigned.
• Gavrilo Princip, the Serbian nationalist who formally started World War I and executed the Sarajevo assassination against Franz Ferdinand, died.
• Hungarian workers celebrated the first of May with a public holiday and people's assemblies nationwide. In Budapest, MSZDP held four festive people's assemblies in Városliget.
• Festive commemorations were held in Budapest and in the countryside for the 100th anniversary of the birth of Marx.
• Peace of central powers and Romania
• The king appointed Sándor Wekerle again to establish the government.
• Sándor Wekerle and István Tisza agreed to have a new electoral reform drafted by narrowing the Vázsonyi proposal. The draft-related works were carried out by the electoral committee of the house of representatives between May 12 and June 7.
• In its article entitled Tisza's electoral law returns, Népszava sharply criticized the electoral law being drafted.
• Béla Bartók's Bluebird's Castle was presented.
• The third German offensive started at Marne.
• A Congress was held in Budapest by organized Socialist female workers. Participants took a stand for women's right to vote, adopting the Vázsonyi-proposal as a first step.
• Military authorities banned the distribution of more than 20 – mainly opposition and nationality – papers on the fronts "in order to prevent the moral degradation of the army". Papers on the list included Népszava as well.
• French-American troops stopped the Western attack of the Germans.
➞ Kapcsolódó cikkek: When the hinterland and the soldiers fail too: the last attack of the Monarchy in 1918
• The „Piave catastrophe”: an Austrian-Hungarian attack was launched, which was unsuccessful even at the expense of severe human sacrifices.
• The house of representatives started the negotiations on the draft electoral law of the government and the Labour Party.
• Tsar Nicholas II and his family were executed in Yekaterinburg.
• The house of representatives adopted the draft electoral law by Wekerle and Tisza.
• 150 women in Kecel rushed to the town hall demanding military aid. The demonstration was stopped by the police.
• Endre Ady's collection of poems entitled A halottak élén /Leading the Dead/ was published.
• In Cegléd, hundreds of women demonstrated due to the lack of flour and fat for weeks. The police arrested 200 women.
➞ Kapcsolódó cikkek: Two hundred women from Cegléd, captured after the demonstration, are beaten, kicked and starved by policemen
• The Defence Minister ordered the armed forces to use their guns against deserters after a single call and fire on armed deserters without warning.
• The Germans suffered a decisive defeat on the Western front after the mass use of planes and tanks by the Entente. This was the "black day" of the German army.
• In Moscow, a supporter of the Socialist Revolutionary Party attempted an assassination against Lenin, who injured severely.
• Germans were forced to retreat on the entire Western front.
• Mihány Károlyi wrote an open letter to his voters in Cegléd, explaining that war cannot be stopped with the power of weapons any more and peace shall be achieved through negotiation and agreement.
• The Entente's Balkan offensive is launched.
• Bulgaria asks for peace from the Entente. Armistice is signed in Thessaloniki on the 30th.
• Ervin Szabó dies. Thousands of people participate in his funeral held on October 2.
• This month 44 thousand of people die in Spanish flu. Most victims are from Budapest and Máramaros county.
• Max von Baden forms government in Germany and drafts an armistice offer.
• István Burián, the Foreign Minister of the Monarchy, turns to US President Wilson with a peace offer.
• The Slovenian-Croatian-Serbian National Council is established in Zagreb.
• János Lékai has an unsuccessful assassination attempt against István Tisza leaving the parliamentary session.
• István Tisza declares at the Parliament: "We have lost this war".
• The house of representatives discusses Mihály Károlyi's bill on the annulment of the 1867 Compromise and the complete independence of Hungary.
• The Labour Party declares its dissolution and merges into the Constitution Party of '48.
• The Hungarian National Council is established in Budapest from the representatives of the National Radical Party, the Károlyi Party and the MSZDP.
• Members of the Galilei Circle remove seals from the room closed by the authorities. The Circle restarts its operations.
• In Prague the Czech National Committee proclaims the independence of Czechoslovakia.
• Italians break through the front at Piave River.
• The Croatian Sabor (Parliament) declares Croatia's independence from the Monarchy and forms the government of the National Council.
• István Tisza is killed.
• Mihály Károlyi is the new Prime Minister.
• The Aster Revolution wins in Budapest.
• Representatives of the Monarchy and the Entente sign an armistice in Padua.
• Fleet riot in Kiel, Germany.
• The repatriation of Russian prisoners of war in Hungary is started.
• 270 thousand Russian, 48 thousand Italian and Serbian prisoners of war leave Hungary.
• In Germany the Tzar resigns after the revolution and the Weimar Republic is born.
• More than one million soldiers return from the front to Hungary.
• Armistice is signed in the woods of Compiègne; fights cease on the Western front as well. World War I ends.
• The autonomous and independent Poland is proclaimed. The first head of state is Józef Piłsudski.
• The Republic of Austria is proclaimed.
• King Charles IV made a declaration in Eckartsau, resigning from the participation in Hungarian state affairs and recognizing the form of state chosen by the nation.
• The Czechoslovak National Assembly opens in Prague. The President of the Republic is Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk.
• MOVE (Hungarian National Defence Association) is formed as the comradely society of disarming officers.
• The decision of the Hungarian National Council is proclaimed: Hungary is an autonomous and independent people's republic.
• Latvia's independence is proclaimed.
• The proclamation of the Romanian National Council made a stand in favour of the accession of Hungarian territories inhabited by Romanians to Greater Romania. Claimed territories: Transylvania, Banat, Arad, Bihar, Szatmár and Szilágy counties, and partly Békés, Csanád and Ugocsa counties.
• Act I of 1918 – stipulating that all men above 21 years of age and all literate women above 24 years of age get the right to vote – is published.
• KMP (the Hungarian Party of Communists) is established.
• The meeting of the Slav National Assembly in Újvidék proclaims the accession of counties in Southern Hungary to Serbia.
• Margit Kaffka writer dies of Spanish flu.
• The national assembly of Transylvanian Romanians declare the union with Romania.
• The Romanian army occupies Marosvásárhely.
• Lieutenant colonel Vix, the head of the military mission of the Entente in Budapest demanded in a memorandum from the Hungarian government to vacate and transfer Felvidék (Upper Hungary) to Czechoslovakia.
• Soldiers returning from the front demonstrate in Budapest, demanding disarmament aid and money.
• Vörös Újság /Red Paper/, the official paper of the Hungarian Party of Communists is launched.
• The Minister for Religion and Public Education publishes his decree of December 7, abolishing measures that restrict the admission of women to the Royal Joseph University at the law and pharmaceutical faculties.
• Romanian troops occupy Kolozsvár.
• The Council of Ministers closes theatres and cinemas from January 2, 1919 due to coal shortage.
• The Czechoslovak army occupies Kassa.
• Forces of the French army occupy Szeged and made a cordon between the Rumanian and Yugoslavian army in Banat.