Waldemar Psylander danish movie star in Budapest, 1915 (Wikipedia)
The entire world can be found in a few acres of land – reported Az Est from Copenhagen, the location of one of the most significant film companies of the era, the Danish Nordisk. Upon the outbreak of war, French and Italian filmmaking dominated Europe, with a significant influence even across the Atlantic, however, thanks to Nordisk, Danish films were also noted among the best. read more...
A. J. P. Taylor
What caused the First World War, the "seminal catastrophe" of the 20th century? Perhaps no historical question has so much literature than the outbreak of the First World War. One of the most original answers were provided by A. J. P. Taylor (1906–1990), who had less research in the archives, but he thought so much more: the first and most renowned British "media historian" even today explained his shocking "timetable theory" in several works: it starts from the basic assumption that people are unwilling to believe – that "large events have minor reasons". read more...
Sitting Bull and Buffalo Bill (William Notman studios,1895)
News on the death of a Russian and an American myth reached Hungary approximately at the same time: Az Est nevertheless noted that we should not be sure we would not hear about them any more. „No one knows whether Buffalo Bill lives or died after all. Since the large-bearded colonel has already died and resurrected several times. The competition was constant between him and Rasputin in this field. This week they finally achieved a tie." read more...
Military dance of Wilson (Borsszem Jankó, 18/02/1917)
In the spring of 1917, a new continent joined the Great War, so the world of the world war was complete. The USA tried to remain neutral in the first years of the war, however, anti-German sentiments of the American public came to the fore by 1917. The administration led by President Wilson even considered that a real say in the new world order could be achieved by participating in the war. read more...
John Keegan - The Face of Battle
"Death is a vulgar and stinky thing without any poetry" - wrote Ignotus in his necrology of Sándor Bródy, but the quote could also be the motto of recollections about the Battle of the Somme. After four and a half months of killing and the death of 1.2 million people, the front got only 11 kilometres closer to Berlin, i.e. more than a hundred soldiers were lost per each meter. Traditional military historiography using neutral and distancing expressions could not depict the reality of the battle that has become the synonym of meaningless bloodshed, until the arrival of John Keegan, renewing military historiography, who presented the true "face" of the Battle of the Somme in his book The face of the battle, published in 1976. read more...
Disabled soldiers (Fortepan)
For the third year of the war, hundreds of thousands of soldiers were killed on the battlefields, while injuries sustained in the battles left tens of thousands disabled. Family heads who died on the front left behind war widows and orphans in the hinterland. Significant tasks of the wartime social policy included solving the provision, financial aid and care of these social groups, mostly assumed by the state. While the primary aim of the first years of war was to solve the care and aid of war veterans – at that time war orphans were mostly cared for by orphans' courts, which operated in peacetime as well –, by 1917, the situation had become unsustainable, military care required a new structure. read more...
Front Theatre
"I believe we have the same views on this point. / Most importantly, we shall have a front theatre on the front. / I will not ruin my talent at home any more, / I shed my arts on the holy altar of my country. / And, since that's what the battlefield requires most, / I shall get some sets of pike-grey vests. / I am not given any room at home as a rival, / I will be then a primadonna on the battlefield. / The Hungarian country wanted a front theatre, / I will be the singing lark of front theatres, / Zsazsa, the singing lark." read more...
"Budapesti Torna-Club"
It is a sad reality that these two leading associations of Hungarian football face each other in opposition as fierce enemies today. Flames of hatred shoot high and threaten the entire building of football with destruction” – wrote the Budapesti Hírlap in January 1917. The rivalry of MTK and FTC raised Hungarian football, but but after less than a decade it seemed to burn it down. Stadium battle, the century's transfer scandal and the hostile citizen interned upon the outbreak of the world war, Jimmy Hogan, who taught the Hungarians to play football. Second part. read more...
The launch of the Millenáris sports ground in 1896 (Magyar Nemzet)
It is a sad reality that these two leading associations of Hungarian football face each other in opposition as fierce enemies today. Flames of hatred shoot high and threaten the entire building of football with destruction” – wrote the Budapesti Hírlap in January 1917. The rivalry of MTK and FTC raised Hungarian football, but after less than a decade it seemed to burn it down. Stadium battle, the century's transfer scandal and the hostile citizen interned upon the outbreak of the world war, Jimmy Hogan, who taught the Hungarians to play football. First part. read more...
Petroleum field at Moreni (Wikipedia)
In Pesti Napló's issue of January 23, 1917, a brief statement reported that in early February a three-member delegation would travel to Bucharest to represent the "centre of interest in Romania" to discuss the representation of Hungarian "economic interests" with the competent authorities. The Romanian capital was occupied by the central powers in December 9, 1916, the occupying authorities started their operation at the end of the year, thereby the travel seemed to happen at the right time. In fact, however, the occupation of Romania clearly demonstrated the different weight of Germany and Austria-Hungary. read more...
Grigory Rasputin (wikipedia)
"The tale of the corpse found on the banks of the Neva River is only theatrical claptrap, aimed at hiding the figure of Rasputin from the public for a while." – wrote Az Est on January 9, 1917 referencing a Swedish paper (Nya Dagligt Allehanda). It was on January 4 that the Hungarian press reported for the first time on the death of Grigori Rasputin, the Russian tsar's repository, based on information from various – Italian, English, Swedish, German – papers. It was written right away that the perpetrator must have been Prince Felix Jusupov, one of the richest aristocrats in Russia, the husband of the zcar's niece. read more...
The portrait of Lajos Kassák (by József Nemes Lampérth, wikipedia)
Lajos Kassák started his paper, the Hungarian avant-garde’s most important workshop, the Ma (1916–1925) a hundred years ago. But how was the Hungarian Left Wing’s relationship with Kassak’s efforts, how well he, the “working class poet”, was accepted in the labour movement? Kassák were forcing his own art shock therapy on an era when most of the Népszava’s readers found even Endre Ady’s poetry inexplicable. During the Council Republic’s 133 days the poet finally could have free range, but instead his work was banned.  Part II. read more...