Disabled soldiers (Fortepan)
For the third year of the war, hundreds of thousands of soldiers were killed on the battlefields, while injuries sustained in the battles left tens of thousands disabled. Family heads who died on the front left behind war widows and orphans in the hinterland. Significant tasks of the wartime social policy included solving the provision, financial aid and care of these social groups, mostly assumed by the state. While the primary aim of the first years of war was to solve the care and aid of war veterans – at that time war orphans were mostly cared for by orphans' courts, which operated in peacetime as well –, by 1917, the situation had become unsustainable, military care required a new structure. read more...
Front Theatre
"I believe we have the same views on this point. / Most importantly, we shall have a front theatre on the front. / I will not ruin my talent at home any more, / I shed my arts on the holy altar of my country. / And, since that's what the battlefield requires most, / I shall get some sets of pike-grey vests. / I am not given any room at home as a rival, / I will be then a primadonna on the battlefield. / The Hungarian country wanted a front theatre, / I will be the singing lark of front theatres, / Zsazsa, the singing lark." read more...
"Budapesti Torna-Club"
It is a sad reality that these two leading associations of Hungarian football face each other in opposition as fierce enemies today. Flames of hatred shoot high and threaten the entire building of football with destruction” – wrote the Budapesti Hírlap in January 1917. The rivalry of MTK and FTC raised Hungarian football, but but after less than a decade it seemed to burn it down. Stadium battle, the century's transfer scandal and the hostile citizen interned upon the outbreak of the world war, Jimmy Hogan, who taught the Hungarians to play football. Second part. read more...
The launch of the Millenáris sports ground in 1896 (Magyar Nemzet)
It is a sad reality that these two leading associations of Hungarian football face each other in opposition as fierce enemies today. Flames of hatred shoot high and threaten the entire building of football with destruction” – wrote the Budapesti Hírlap in January 1917. The rivalry of MTK and FTC raised Hungarian football, but after less than a decade it seemed to burn it down. Stadium battle, the century's transfer scandal and the hostile citizen interned upon the outbreak of the world war, Jimmy Hogan, who taught the Hungarians to play football. First part. read more...
Petroleum field at Moreni (Wikipedia)
In Pesti Napló's issue of January 23, 1917, a brief statement reported that in early February a three-member delegation would travel to Bucharest to represent the "centre of interest in Romania" to discuss the representation of Hungarian "economic interests" with the competent authorities. The Romanian capital was occupied by the central powers in December 9, 1916, the occupying authorities started their operation at the end of the year, thereby the travel seemed to happen at the right time. In fact, however, the occupation of Romania clearly demonstrated the different weight of Germany and Austria-Hungary. read more...
Grigory Rasputin (wikipedia)
"The tale of the corpse found on the banks of the Neva River is only theatrical claptrap, aimed at hiding the figure of Rasputin from the public for a while." – wrote Az Est on January 9, 1917 referencing a Swedish paper (Nya Dagligt Allehanda). It was on January 4 that the Hungarian press reported for the first time on the death of Grigori Rasputin, the Russian tsar's repository, based on information from various – Italian, English, Swedish, German – papers. It was written right away that the perpetrator must have been Prince Felix Jusupov, one of the richest aristocrats in Russia, the husband of the zcar's niece. read more...
The portrait of Lajos Kassák (by József Nemes Lampérth, wikipedia)
Lajos Kassák started his paper, the Hungarian avant-garde’s most important workshop, the Ma (1916–1925) a hundred years ago. But how was the Hungarian Left Wing’s relationship with Kassak’s efforts, how well he, the “working class poet”, was accepted in the labour movement? Kassák were forcing his own art shock therapy on an era when most of the Népszava’s readers found even Endre Ady’s poetry inexplicable. During the Council Republic’s 133 days the poet finally could have free range, but instead his work was banned.  Part II. read more...
The Austrian Imperial family in Gödöllő (wikipedia.org)
Franz Joseph died 100 years ago on November 21, 1916. In memory of his death we started a 4 part article series, in which we look at the life and ruling of the Emperor and King from different perspectives. This third part talks mainly about the personality of the Emperor.  read more...
Lajos Kassák (www.kassakmuzeum.hu)
Lajos Kassák started his paper, the Hungarian avant-garde’s most important workshop, the Ma (1916–1925) a hundred years ago. But how was the Hungarian Left Wing’s relationship with Kassak’s efforts, how well he, the “working class poet”, was accepted in the labour movement? Since Kassák was pushing his own art shock therapy in an era when the Népszava’s most readers found even Endre Ady’s poetry inexplicable. During the Council Republic’s 133 days the poet could finally have a free hand but instead his work was banned.  read more...
Emperor Franz Josef of Austria
Franz Joseph died 100 years ago on November 21, 1916. In memory of his death we started a 4 parts article series, in which we look at the life and ruling of the Emperor and King from different perspectives. In this last part we talk about how the press reported on his death and how were the necrologies.  read more...
Elisabeth and Franz Joseph
Franz Joseph died 100 years ago on November 21, 1916. In memory of his death we started a 4 part article series, in which we look at the life and ruling of the Emperor and King from different perspectives. This second part talks about the Emperor and his women. read more...
Franz Joseph, the Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia
Franz Joseph died 100 years ago on November 21, 1916. In memory of his death we started a 4 parts article series, in which we look at the life and ruling of the Emperor and King from different perspectives. The theme of the first part is the Kaiser and his multinational empire, aka the minority issues. read more...