When it comes to the disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, in our region, among the main initiators, usually the activities of two Czech politicians, Masaryk and Beneš are pointed out. In Hungarian historical consciousness, the names of some Serbian, Romanian, Slovakian or Croatian contemporary politicians (Trumbić, Pašić, Štefánik, Braţianu) may also be recalled. However, the role of Slovenes is almost completely forgotten.  read more...
It all started like a bar fight by Jenő Rejtő: the other hit back. In April 1918, the Foreign Minister of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy came into a debate confuting  each other with the French Prime Minister, Clemenceau, which made it clear that Czernin had made a fatal mistake. He accused France of sticking to Alsace-Lorraine and refusing to accept peace for this reason. read more...
In July and August 1918, public supply deteriorated so badly that the lack of basic foods grew to such an extent that there were riots even in several rural settlements. Mostly demonstrations and actions of women queuing or not even queuing (because there was nothing to wait for) triggered panic among local leaders. read more...
Though in June 1918 Pesti Hírlap still published reassuring news about the alleged remission of the Spanish influenza pandemic, later named Spanish flu, a month later authorities admitted that the disease had appeared in the Hungarian capital as well. As it later turned out, the majority of contemporary news depicted the reality much better, and the flu caused mass illnesses around the world. In Budapest, in the summer of 1918, the virus, which had mainly infected soldiers and prisoners of war, already spread among the civilian population too. read more...
„The death notice of capitalism” – this is how, at the beginning of the fifth year of the war, Népszava described the series of data published by the German Wolff news agency. Wishful thinking – the paper wished for this indeed: they wished for writing the death notice of capitalism. But regardless of how much the majority of left-wingers waited for the collapse of capitalism in the 20th century, it did not disappear from the scene even despite the most brutal bloodsheds – either after World War I, or after World War II. read more...
140-150 thousand soldiers of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy were killed, imprisoned or wounded senselessly in the days after June 15, 1918, in northern Italy along Piave. The last attack of the Austro-Hungarian army in the World War was broken down for several reasons: one of the main factors was the disintegration of the hinterland. read more...
By April-May 1918, the Monarchy's reserves started to run out. In addition to food and financial resources, this also meant the people. And mostly: spiritual reserves – soldiers rebelled, nationalities were stirred, workers got organized. The Czechs have almost had independence celebrations in Prague.  read more...
A hundred years ago, on May 31, 1918, Feminists attacked Sándor Wekerle, the Prime Minister when leaving the Parliement for why they have rejected the proposal on women suffragette in the electoral committee. Wekerle promised to submit an amendment proposal and held to this promise in July, read more...
Troops of the Austrian-Hungarian Monarchy showed signs of disintegration in May-July 1918. News of protests – would – have been received from Judenburg to Pécs, from Rimaszombat to Rumburg – if the press was allowed to report it. But "simple" order refusals, shooting officers (even regimental commanders) from trains, looting and desertion also grew in number. read more...
The Hungarian government shifted towards a more conservative direction in the last year of the world war and sought to moderate the strengthening labour movement. Inspite of this, in the spring of 1918, the central paper of the Social Democrat party, Népszava managed to achieve a change in the exchange of fat tickets, since the previous routine led to an unsustainable situation, queuing at night and at dawn, and even the armed forces were deployed against women "queuing for fat". read more...
Central powers signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Russia on March 3, 1918. Russia lost 780 thousand square kilometres of land and 56 million inhabitants, but made peace temporarily. This supported the consolidation of Bolshevik rule. The Germans won in the short term, but the Bolsheviks strengthened in the long run – for a price though: Brest-Litovsk could also be a symbol of breaking up with the West, the Entente. read more...
On January 8, 1918, US President Woodrow Wilson presented the principles of postwar settlement in his congressional speech. The USA entered the First World War only in 1917,  and thereby Wilson partly also tried to convince the Americans that the United States was fighting for noble purposes. However, only a few of the 14 points of Wilson were implemented and, even so, they were not used for too noble purposes.   read more...